The ancient time is the most impressive period of the history of Macedonia when kings like Filip II and Alexander the Great united the people on the Balkans and conquered the world as known in that time. Many archeological objects and artefacts from that period are to be found even today on the territory of the country, especially in the area of the ancient city of Lihnidos, Engelana and Pelagonia region. When North Macedonia became a Roman province, its location being a crossroads of the three most important Roman routes, enabled the cities of this region like Skupi, Stobi, Heraclea Lyncestis, Lihnidos (Ohrid), to be developed and to enjoy the highest privileges of the Roman Empire.
After the proclamation of the Christianity as a state religion of the Roman Empire, many cities in Macedonia became episcopal centres. The early Christian basilica in Stobi, Heraclea Lyncestis and Lihnidos have the unique mosaic floors as well as the terracotta icons in Vinica, which are claimed as evidence that the cities in this region were of impeccable richness in cultural significance.